Bus Terminal

INTRODUCTION

bus station is a structure where city or intercity buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers.

Bus geometrics, or the physical dimensions and maneuverability of the bus, determine the width of roadways, shapes of platforms, column spacing, ceiling heights, and other aspects of bus- level design.

The apparently insignificant detail of the right-side loading of buses often restricts terminal design possibilities.

INTER RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SPACES

ENTRANCES

A Standard of 40 Persons Per Minute Would Be Representative of a Busy Situation With Occasional Traffic Disruptions. Where Free-Flowing Traffic Is Desired, A Standard Of 20 Persons Per Minute Should Be Adopted.

SWEPT PATH

When a bus turns normally, it always turns about a point which is somewhere on the center line of the rear axle.

This is true whether motion is forward or backward.

The turns required to accomplish the movement and positioning of buses are variable and differ considerably with the equipment encountered.

The turning template provides a convenient graphic method to determine minimum clearances required.

PLATFORM TYPES

PARALLEL LOADING

Requires Excessive Amount Of Space.

Buses Must Usually Wait Until First Bus Exits.

Large Terminal Requires Pedestrian Under/Overpass Facilities To Protect Passengers While Crossing Lanes.

RIGHT-ANGLE LOADING

Out swinging Bus Door Which Forms a Barrier around Which Passenger Must Pass.

Bus Maneuvering Difficult.

STRAIGHT SAW TOOTH LOADING

Efficient-Employed Where Lot Is Comparatively Narrow and Deep.

Passenger Has Direct Approach To Loading Door.

Baggage Truck Can Operate Between Buses For Side Loading.

RADIAL SAW TOOTH LOADING

Most efficient buses swing into position along natural driving are.Space required at front is minimum-wide space at rear making maneuvering easy.

QUEUING SITUATIONS

Linear queues will occur where passengers line up to purchase tickets or board buses.

The length of a linear queue may be estimated on the basis of an average per person spacing of 20 in.

AREA REQUIRED

5 Sq. M to 8 Sq. M area is required for one person.

For director it should be 20 sq. m.

Average space required 2.5sq.m per person for conference room.

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES

  • Waiting area for visitors
  • Toilet
  • Conference room
  • Personal Assistant to the Terminal Manager
  • Assistant Terminal Manager with Attached toilet
  • Administrative officer with Attached toilet
  • Assistant Administrative officers with toilet
  • Space for facilities like photo copying
  • Lockers for the staff
  • Public addressing section
  • Store room

BUS DIMENSIONS AND BAYS

waiting room / shelter

TRUNING CIRCUIT

SPACE REQUIREMENT OF SPACE

SPACE FOR PARKING AREAS

LOADING BAYS

THE LARGEST TURNING RADIUS FOR AN ARTICULATED TRUCK IS ABOUT IN 12 M.

1.50 M WITH THE USE OF A LOADING DOCK.

3 M WITH THE USE OF LOADING DOORS

STRAIGHT SAWTOOTH LOADING

Efficient-Employed Where Lot Is Comparatively Narrow and Deep.

Passenger Has Direct Approach To Loading Door.

Baggage Truck Can Operate Between Buses For Side Loading.

PLATFORMS

PARKING PLACES FOR BUSES AND ARTICULATED BUSES

OBLIQUE LAYOUT , 45 DEGREE TO DIRECTION OF ARRIVAL

PARKING AT RIGHT ANGLES TO DIRECTION OF ARRIVAL

FOR BUSES AND ARTICULATED BUSES

PLATFORMS AT RIGHT ANGLES TO DIRECTION TO ARRIVAL

LONG PLATFORMS WITH PASSING LANES

OBLIGUE ALIGNMENT OF PLATFORMS

DEPARTURE AT 90 DEGREE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE AT OBLIGUE ANGLES

LAYOUT OF PARKING PLACES , PARALLEL TO DIRECTION OF ARRIVAL

SOURCE :- NEUFERT

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