A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims.
The five basic categories of mosque design occur in seven distinctive regional styles.
The mosque is a house of a prayer, a cultural centre, a place for social gatherings, a courthouse, a school and a university.
The size of the prayer hall is based on .85 m2 praying space per person .
It is usually rectangular or square, often with a central dome, and faces mecca, the direction in which people pray .
Men and women are segregated, sometimes purely symbolically, sometimes with the women in the gallery.
The entrance area has shelves for the school, and rooms for ritual ablutions and showers which must always have the flowing
The WCs are usually squatting closets at right angles to the direction of mecca.
All these facilities often have separate entrances for men and women, including the stairs to the women’s gallery.
Many mosques have a central courtyard the same sizes as the prayer hall, which can be used on holy days as an extension.
Offices, a library, a lecture hall and classrooms, storerooms and apartments, at least for the imam and the muezzin complete the
Representational depictions of humans and animals is not allowed.
Plant and geometrical ornamentation and verses from the quran in arbic calligraphy, are very popular and have been developed
Into a from of high culture.
STAIR & RAMP
SOURCE :- NEUFERT